Costa Rica is a country in Central America that shares borders with Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the south and west, and the Pacific Ocean to the east.
The terrain ranges from rain forest in its southern part up into temperate mountain areas.
Costa Rica has one of the most stable democratic governments in Latin America and it’s been ranked among the top ten countries for democracy by several organizations.
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Costa Rica is a Central American paradise with natural beauty and biodiversity. Home to over 400,000 people, Costa Rica has more than 50 national parks and other protected areas. Read on for some facts about this beautiful country!
1) The climate ranges from tropical rainforests to dry coastal plains in the north to temperate mountains in the south.
2) Costa Rica is a country located in Central America that borders Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the south and west, and the Pacific Ocean to the east. The terrain ranges from rain forest up into temperate mountain areas with an average elevation of 400 meters but reaching more than 3000 meters at high elevations.
3) The climate ranges from tropical rainforests to dry coastal plains in the north to temperate mountains in the south. The country is a democracy by several organizations, including constitutional parliamentary republic and social democratic party with universal suffrage since 1949.
4) Costa Rica was ranked as having one of the highest percentages of freedom among all countries. In 2007 it was ranked by the United Nations Development Programme as having the fourth highest Human Development Index in Latin America.
5) Income: The country has a high level of income and is considered to be an upper-middle-class country with a GDP per capita of 12,243.81 USD (2019).
6) GDP growth rates are fairly consistent, from an average of five percent in the 1990s to just under four percent today.
7) GDP: Costa Rica has a GDP of $62 billion.
8) Inflation Rate: The inflation rate is currently at about three and half% per year with prices rising moderately.
9) Area: The size of Costa Rica is approximately 51,100 square km (19,640 square miles).
10) Population: Costa Rica has a population of approximately four million people.
11) Language: Spanish is the official language in Costa Rica and spoken by more than 95% of residents. The other five percent speak English or various indigenous languages.
12) Government Type: Costa Rica’s government type is considered to be a republic with a presidential system.
13) Time Zone: Costa Rica is one hour ahead of California.
14) Currency: The currency in Costa Rica is called Colones and one Colón is equivalent to 0.0016 United States Dollar.
15) GDP Growth Rate: GDP growth rates are fairly consistent at about five percent per
16) It is home to 4% of all animal species worldwide
17) Costa Rica has a population of approximately four million people. Spanish is the official language in Costa Rica and spoken by more than 95% of residents. The other five percent speak English or various indigenous languages.
18) The currency in Costa Rica is called Colones and one Colón is equivalent to 0.0016 United States Dollar.
19) The official name of Costa Rica is Republica de Costa Rica. It is home to four percent of all animal species worldwide
20) Costa Rica’s official motto is “Por mi raza hablará el espíritu.” which means, in English, “For my race the spirit will speak”
21) Citizens of Costa Rica are called Costa Ricans
A person living in Costa Rica is called a Costarricense, or sometimes Tico. The word “Ticos” also refers to people who are born and raised there.
22) Historically speaking the area of present-day Costa Rica has been inhabited for about 12 thousand years.
23) The capital city of San Jose was founded in 1535
24) Costa Rica is the most democratic country of Central America. It has never had a military coup or any other form of authoritarian government.
25) The first inhabitants were probably people from South American tribes that migrated to Costa Rican land around 4000 BC and established themselves there, farming, hunting, and fishing for their food.
26) After 150 years of Spanish rule, Costa Rica was given independence on November 15th 1821.
27) The first president after the country’s independence was Juan Mora Fernandez and he ruled from 1825 to 1833.”
28) Costa Ricans speak both English and Spanish languages
29) Spanish is spoken by over 95% of the population in Costa Rica. Spanish, or Castellano, is the official language of Costa Rica
30) Costa Rica has a very high literacy rate of 97%.
31) The capital city of Costa Rica is San Jose. It was founded in 1535 as Santiago de los Caballeros and it means “St James City”
32) The country of Costa Rica has 99.71% Roman Catholic, this is the main religion in the nation.
33) The country is the second-largest exporter of bananas in the world.
34) Costa Rica is also known for its tropical rainforest and beaches; it’s considered a popular tourist destination.
35) The national animal of Costa Rica is White-tailed deer, which symbolizes strength to many natives there.”
36) The most common animal in Costa Rica is Spider Monkeys
37) Costa Ricans are known for being some of the happiest people in the world. Pura Vida, meaning pure life if you translate it literally but much more than that as a lifestyle is also Costa Rica’s national slogan and experts think this mentality plays into why Costa Ricans often rank among one of the most content nations on Earth.
38) Costa Rica is home to wild sloths. These beautiful creatures are not easy to spot, but they can be found in the jungles of Costa Rica. If you’re lucky enough to find one, just remember that it’s illegal to touch them because they carry a bacteria called Chytrid fungus which can make people very sick!
39) The Basilisk, also known as Jesus Christ Lizard is an interesting and captivating creature. It’s one of the largest lizards in North America and can grow up to six feet long.
The basilisk lives in dense areas such as swamps, forests, or jungles with abundant water sources like rivers, streams and lakes. They are primarily active at night but may bask during the day if it’s hot enough.
40) Costa Rica is an amazing country that offers a variety of activities for tourists. Tourism is the leading industry in Costa Rica and accounts for 19% of the nation’s GDP. The tourism industry provides jobs to over 41,000 people and generates $3 billion in revenue per year.